WHAT IS A “PREEMPTIVE BID”?
An opening bid at the 3 level of 3♣️, 3♦️, 3♥️, 3♠️
WHAT DO YOU NEED TO OPEN, IN A SUIT, AT THE THREE LEVEL?
– a long, strong suit typically 7 cards in length – this bid is based on your trick-taking capacity not points!
Count high card points (HCPS) and length points (add points for each card over four in a suit ) if it totals 13 or more points -your total hand value (THV) open THE BID AT THE ONE LEVEL! Do Not Preempt in first seat, or in second seat if the dealer passed.
example – ♣️ AKQJxxx – adds up to 10 HCPS + 3 points for each card over four in that suit = 13 points even before we add in the other suits, open 1♣️ *DO NOT OPEN THIS 3 ♣️! – open 1 ♣️ – Partner (P) needs to know you have an opening hand. You can rebid your suit later!
The following hand is a typical for a preemptive bid:
A Long, strong suit – “ THV “ = 9 PTS (less than opening PTS)
– to get in the way of the opponents (OPPS)
– to get to play for your side
– to prevent the OPPS from reaching their best spot
– to describe your hand to partner, who may be able to bid game
IT IS A BIT SCARY TO OPEN AT THE THREE LEVEL, SO WE USE
“The Guideline of 500”
USING THIS GUIDELINE, WE ASSUME PARTNER WILL PROVIDE AT LEAST ONE TRICK!
First though you may need to know what “vulnerability “ means.
WHAT IS VULNERABILITY?
If you are playing “Chicago” or party bridge, you are vulnerable once you have “a game for your side”! Vulnerability means you can get hurt badly if you are Vulnerable and they are not. It’s ok not to make your preemptive bid,! In fact, it can be good to go down to prevent the OPPS from making their vulnerable game!!!
If you are playing “Duplicate” bridge, the vulnerability is “marked on the boards” for everyone to check out before the bidding starts.
USE THE GUIDELINE OF 500, FOR WHATEVER STYLE OF BRIDGE YOU ARE PLAYING!
Let’s find out how many tricks you can lose before , you get hurt badly!
Here is the guideline to use when deciding whether to preempt or not and how high to bid knowing you may not make it.
Unfavourable vulnerability –
(You are vulnerable-OPPS not vulnerable)
bid for two tricks more than you have (allowing one of those tricks from Partner)
GOOD – If you go down one doubled, they get 200 points
NOT GOOD – If you go down two tricks vulnerable-they get 500 pts
more than they would get if they bid and made a game not vulnerable
Equal Vulnerability –
(Both sides not vulnerable or both sides are vulnerable, you don’t want to go down more than two tricks)
Bid for three tricks more than you have (one trick from Partner)
GOOD – If you go down two tricks, doubled & not vulnerable, the penalty is 300 points, less than the value of the OPPS non-vulnerable game.
– IF you are both vulnerable, that would be 500 points, less than the value of their vulnerable game.
(OPPS vulnerable, you are not)- you can afford to be defeated up to three tricks if doubled -500 points which would be less than opp’s vulnerable game.
Bid for four tricks more than you have (allow one trick from partner)
“RESPONDING” TO PARTNER’S PREEMPTIVE BID
Focus on the combined trick-taking potential of the hands
– With enough tricks for game , bid game in partner’s suit
– With support (3+) and a weak hand a simple one level raise of partner’s suit keeps up the interference
– PASS with no support and less than 16 points
– with a 5 card or longer suit and 16+ points, bid your suit!
****IT IS FORCING FOR OPENER FOR ONE ROUND IF IT IS BELOW A GAME LEVEL BID!
A No trump bid is also a possibility by Responder when Opener’s preemptive bid is in a minor suit!. Responder must have a fit in Opener’s suit and stoppers in the three remaining suits. The reason Responder needs at least 3 card support is for entries to the board where opener’s Long suit lies.
Have fun, watch the vulnerability and take the fear factor out of your game! Going down, depending on the vulnerability, can be good!