Bidding made Simple, Bridge Babies, Bridge made simple, card game of bridge, Cosmic Door, Defense, learning to play bridge

Sharpen your Defence – 8 Lessons

OPENING LEADS are the “FIRST LINE OF DEFENSE”
The simplest way not to miss a post!
 CLICK “FOLLOW” then you will get an e-mail when each instalment is posted.   IT’S THAT SIMPLE!
There will be SEVEN more posts on Defense over the next few months.
OPENING LEADS VS NO TRUMP CONTRACTS BY OPPONENT
Opening leads are the most important part of defense and one of the most challenging.
On most hands, however, a useful lead can be found by:
– listening carefully to the bidding
– finding clues in the auction
It is my plan to give you basic info to keep the guesswork to a minimum and to find strategies to find the best possible and often the killer lead.  Keep in mind once Dummy appears, you will have more info available and your initial strategy may need revision.
It is very gratifying to defeat the contract by getting off to the best defense.  As these defense strategies are posted, make time with your bridge partner or group, to discuss and implement them.
Send the website address (www.thebridgeguru.com) to your friends so they can ‘FOLLOW’!
7D51FB7B-9C33-4BF9-8B22-7FED6DD90225
A WISE OLD OWL ONCE SAID:
When your partner has BID a suit and you are defending, you should lead partner’s suit unless you clearly have a much better alternative.  Also if your partner has LED a suit, you should RETURN PARTNER’S SUIT WHEN YOU GET A CHANCE, unless you have something clearly better to do and don’t mind looking for a new partner🤣

DEFENDING AGAINST A NO-TRUMP CONTRACT

1.  If partner has bid a suit lead it;  

WHICH CARD?

– top card of a DOUBLETON (eg. 9 7 – lead the 9)—(Q 5 lead Q)
– top of touching honours (E.g., Q, J, 10 4) lead the Q, followed by J, then the 10 etc.)
– no sequence in P’s suit lead low – 4th from longest & strongest

adult african american black women blond hair
Photo by rawpixel.com on Pexels.com

2.  If Partner did not bid vs no trump contract :

lead “top of touching honours” from a 4 card suit or longer suit in your hand.

There are three types of sequences as follows:

A- Regular sequence:

Q J 10 x — always & forever (I promise) lead the “TOP CARD – the Queen!!!  Now partner knows you have 3 high cards that touch —the Queen followed by the Jack and ten and maybe a couple of small cards!!!

Guideline:  With a “REGULAR SEQUENCE” always lead the TOP OF TOUCHING!

B- Broken Sequence

Q J 9 x x – two “touching high cards that touch with a break” —-notice if you lead the “9” – declarer can win the first trick with the 10!!!!!!!

Guideline:  With a “BROKEN SEQUENCE” treat as if it were a “regular sequence” and lead the HIGHEST CARD—the queen from Q J 9 —the TOP OF TOUCHING!

C-Interior Sequence 

K J 10 x x – a sequence of two or more cards that touch  the “J 10” with a “higher-ranking” card in the suit!

If you led the King, Declarer could win the Ace and still hold the Queen!

Guideline:  With an ‘INTERIOR SEQUENCE”  (K J 10 X X) lead the TOP of the touching honours”—lead the J!

3.  With no sequence:

lead 4th from longest and strongest (with a choice of suits lead the stronger or the unbid suit)

Don’t forget to hit ‘FOLLOW” so will be get a reminder in your e-mail when a new lesson is posted.

For updates on “Cosmic Door” follow my author page on Facebook @
www.MargieGrams.com
Author Page

Available NOW in paperback (to order on-line) and e-books:  chapters.indigo.ca, Barnes&Noble,kobo,nook and as shown below – Amazon
c37fa701-f7ee-49dd-8a0e-bfc871534c55
Bridge made simple, learning to play bridge, Second hand low

When to go big or stay home!

Defense — 2nd Hand Play

In this instructional article on defense, our RHO will be leading to the trick (either declarer or dummy is leading to the trick).  It won’t matter if it is a suit contract or notrump.

The old saying for defense is: “Second Hand Low, Third Hand High.” In general, when playing second to the trick, play low. The major exception is “cover an honor with an honor” (which also has exceptions). Don’t you just love bridge?

adult african american black women blond hair
Photo by rawpixel.com on Pexels.com

In this brief summary, I think it will be helpful to start with a very common suit combination:

DUMMY
?J76

 

YOU
  ?K104

 

If the 6 is played from dummy, follow LOW with the four.

 

But, if the JACK is led from dummy, cover with the KING.

DUMMY
YOU ?J76
?A92
 
DECLARER
?Q or ?3

 

If declarer leads low (?3) from his hand, follow LOW with the two.

But, if the QUEEN is led from declarer, cover with the ACE.

photo of mother mary with candles
Photo by Alem Sánchez on Pexels.com

Now let’s look at all 4 hands:

 

?J76
?A92
?K104
?Q853

If declarer leads this suit from dummy or hand, he should lose 3 tricks. When he leads low from dummy (or hand), the next defender plays low. If declarer leads an honor from either hand, the next defender covers.

 

This basic premise: “2nd hand low, but cover an honor with an honor” will cover most situations.

card dark floating focus
Photo by Leo Cardelli on Pexels.com

When declarer leads low from either hand, be wary about grabbing an ace when playing second to a trick. Usually, this is a losing play. Your ace will capture “air.”  Aces are meant to capture higher honors.  Also, you often remove a guess; declarer leading up to king-jack (trying to decide who has the ace and who has the queen) will be delighted if you grab your ace, removing the guess.  Here is a very typical ace-grab to avoid:

ace bet business card
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com
?K86
?A107  
?J954

?Q32

Declarer leads the ?2. If West grabs the ace, you can see what happens. West should play low, and declarer gets only one trick.

If they are in seven, then feel free to grab your ace.  Every now and then, you will duck an ace and “go to bed with it.”  That’s okay.  If you never go to bed with an ace, you are grabbing them too quickly. I’d say that 90% of the time, it is wrong to take an ace when playing second to a trick.

As far as covering an honor with an honor, there are exceptions. Even experts don’t always get it right. Here are two common exceptions, worth learning:

 


?AK109

?Q8765
 

?J

When you see the jack from declarer, don’t cover. What good could it do? If covering won’t promote anything in partner’s hand, don’t cover.

If dummy had ?AK9, then covering is okay (hoping to promote partner’s 10).

The other main exception is: Don’t cover the first honor.  Cover the second honor. For example:

 


?QJ9

?10742
 
?K65

?A83

When dummy’s queen is led, East should NOT cover. If he does, declarer will win the ace and finesse against West’s ?10.

After the queen wins the trick and the jack is led next, East should cover.

Second-hand play is tough, but following the basic rules above should be good enough 90+% of the time.

If you are learning from these posts and want them to continue it would be great to know.  Hope you enjoyed it!

This information was shared from: D278DA52-900B-4FD0-B341-909D404404BC of Larry Cohen

Bridge made simple, Bridge tips, learning to play bridge, Takeout double

When in Pain – Double!

HOW DO YOU KNOW WHEN TO DOUBLE FOR TAKEOUT?

When the opponent on your right opens the bidding in a suit , you can do one of three things:

1. Overcall with a 5 card or longer suit and 8+ points at the one level or 12 or more points and a 5 card or longer suit at the 2 level

2. Bid no trump with a stopper in opponents suit and 15-18 points

Or435401D5-0FAD-413A-B638-6748E7A8FA5E

Since you are “IN PAIN” — DOUBLE!

YOU NEED:

1.  Support for the unbid suits (two 4 card suits AND at least a 3 card suit for the third suit))

2.  Opening points (high card points plus dummy points in opponent’s suit –

ADD:
5 for a void;
3 for singleton;
and 1 for doubleton – add dummy points to high card points for total hand value

then DOUBLE FOR TAKEOUT!!!!!!!

 You are asking your partner to:
GO SHOPPING AND PICK A SUIT AND WHILE DOING SO TO SHOW A POINT COUNT—AS REMEMBER, YOU ARE FORCING YOUR PARTNER TO BID EVEN WITH ZERO POINTS!

 

ADVANCER (YOUR PARTNER’S NEW DESIGNATION — is not the responder –

If the opponent (RESPONDER) on Your left passes, the double is FORCING even with ZERO POINTS YOU MUST BID ———-YES, you don’t want to leave opponents doubled in a one level bid as they will no doubt make it!

THIS IS THE TWO PART RESPONSE BY ADVANCER:

1. GO SHOPPING AND PICK THE SUIT 
give preference to a major suit – hearts or spades – 4 card support –

WITH THE OPPONENT’s suit well stopped consider no trump as your partner has support for the other three suits.

2.  SHOW YOUR POINTS!!!!!!!!!!!!!
-0-8 bid your suit at cheapest level available
– 9-11 points – jump a level
13 or more – jump to game in a major – jump to 4 level in a minor and invite
when you have strength in the opponent’s  suit, bid no trump

If the responder (opp. On your left ) bids over the double – if you have less than 5 points you can pass as the double is taken out.  Listen up! – With 6+ you should bid.

As ADVANCER
WITH AN OPENING POINT HAND YOURSELF YOU CAN CUEBID THE OPPONENT’s opening suit to get more info about the DOUBLER’S hand.  A CUEBID BY ADVANCER IS FORCING !!!!!

 

IMG_0065

REBIDS BY TAKEOUT DOUBLER
– the doubler needs to show whether he has a medium or maximum hand
With a minimum opening hand (12-15)  – if partner shows 0-8 points you should PASS

With a medium opening hand (16-18) – RAISE ONE LEVEL  to invite partner to go to game if at the top of the range

With a maximum opening bid (19-21) JUMP A LEVEL

BIG DOUBLE
You do not have to have all the unbid suits but you must be able to bid your 5 card or longer suit if advancer picks a suit you do not have support for.
With 17+ points as doubler, after partner picks the suit and shows points, you bid your 5 card or longer suit to show “the BIG DOUBLE” —-

ADVANCER THEN KNOWS HER PARTNER (the doubler) has 17+ points and a 5 card or longer suit – she can still pass with support (at least 2 card support ) but should consider the total points between both hands and where is the best place to play.

Please visit my new Facebook Page wwwMargieGrams.  You don’t have to have a facebook page as it is a public Page.  Hit the “LIKE” under my photo if you love it!
Bidding made Simple, bidding strategy, bidding techniques, Bridge Babies, Bridge made simple, Bridge tips, card game of bridge, Defense, learning to play bridge

Defence Part 3 of 5

PART 3 OF 5 – PRIMARY LINES OF DEFENSE

3. REMAIN PASSIVE WHEN YOUR TRICKS ARE SAFE

Last blog was about GOING ACTIVE –
Some conditions dictate the opposite approach which is remaining passive. When these conditions exist, the main idea is to relax and not grab your winners, not “break a new suit” for declarer or otherwise take him off the guess. You just sit back and wait for your tricks!

6 CONDITIONS FOR REMAINING PASSIVE

1. THERE IS NO EVIDENCE OF A STRONG SIDE SUIT FOR DECLARER
2. DECLARER IS VERY STRONG AND DUMMY IS WEAK
3. THERE IS A BAD SPLIT IN KEY SUITS
4. THERE IS NO REAL SUIT TO LEAD AGAINST NO TRUMP
5. WHEN DEFENDING 6NT AND GRAND SLAMS
6. THE DUMMY IS FLAT AND WEAK

The basic condition for going passive is the absence of any outside source of tricks on which declarer can get rid of her losers.

How do you figure that out?
– From the bidding
– From your cards
– ‘Later’ from dummy’s cards YOU SEE that
– (a) no side suit exists
– (B) if a side suit exists, it is breaking badly
– (C) there is no entry to the side suit

SO LEAD A SUIT THAT DOESN”T GIVE DECLARER A FREE TRICK

UNDER THESE CONDITIONS, THE GOOD DEFENDER MAKES A PASSIVE LEAD
AND SITS BACK WAITING FOR HIS TRICKS!!!!!

THE GOOD DEFENDER WILL SIMPLY RETURN DECLARER’S LEADS OR OTHERWISE ENDPLAY HIM AT EVERY TURN.

AGAINST NO TRUMP CONTRACTS, RAGGED FOUR CARD SUITS ARE USUALLY NOT HELPFUL FOR ATTACK WITH POSSIBLE EXCEPTION OF AN UNBID MAJOR!!!! INSTEAD, GOOD DEFENDERS TRY TO FIND PARTNER’S SUIT OR MAKE A PASSIVE LEAD.

Bidding made Simple, bidding strategy, bidding techniques, Bridge Babies, Bridge tips, card game of bridge, Defense, learning to play bridge

Topic of Defence Part 2 of 5

GOING ACTIVE
 
LISTEN TO THE BIDDING – LOOK AT YOUR HAND – LOOK AT DUMMY
 
This line of defence should be adopted whenever the auction indicates that Declarer has a long running suit on which to discard losers.   On many hands , if declarer is given enough time, he will set up winners on which to throw losers.
 
CONDITIONS FOR GOING ACTIVE:
 
1.  ANY TIME YOUR TRICKS CAN GO AWAY
2.  DECLARER ‘S SIDE SUIT IS BREAKING favourably for Declarer
3.  STRONG BIDDING  (slam interest)
4.  LONG-RUNNING SUIT
 
It is important to note that an ACTIVE DEFENCE gives the defence everything to gain while there is nothing to lose.
 
When the auction indicates there is a good suit in dummy against which you have no defense or you can tell from your own hand that dummy’s suit is going to break favourably, it’s TIME TO GO ACTIVE!
 
YOUR BEST LEAD IS TO ATTACK WITH YOUR BEST SUIT
This is a case of taking your tricks before, they disappear!
 
Often you can tell from the auction and from your hand, that Declarer will be able to run a long side suit and discard losers so it is in your best interest to try to go active and grab your tricks immediately.    This may require leading from a king or leading an ace!
 
This first two lines of defense FORCING & GOING ACTIVE require you to lead your partnerships best suit.  These are active defenses and should be used :
– to FORCE declarer to lose control of the hand by making him ruff your strong suit OR
– WHEN your TRICKS CAN GO AWAY.
Stayed TUNED FOR PART 3 of 5 – Topic of Defense –  REMAINING PASSIVE !  
 

✍🏻

Bidding made Simple, bidding strategy, bidding techniques, Bridge Babies, Bridge tips, card game of bridge, Defense, learning to play bridge

Topic of Defence -Part One of Five

OPENING LEADS & THE “FIRST LINE OF DEFENCE
The simplest way not to miss a post!
go to www.thebridgeburu.com and CLICK “FOLLOW” then you will get an e-mail when each instalment is posted.   IT’S THAT SIMPLE!  There will be four more posts on Defence over the next month or so.
OPENING LEADS
Opening leads are the most important part of defence and one of the most challenging.
On most hands, however, a useful lead can be found by:
– listening carefully to the bidding
– finding clues in the auction
It is my plan to give you basic info to keep the guesswork to a minimum and to find strategies to find the best possible and often the killing lead.  Keep in mind once Dummy appears, you will have more info available and your initial strategy may need revision.
It is very gratifying to defeat the contract by getting off to the best defence.  As these defence strategies are posted,  make time with your bridge partner or group, to discuss and try out the five defensive strategies and how to recognize and implement them.  Send the website address to your friends so they can ‘FOLLOW’
The overall defence system can be broken down into FIVE PRIMARY LINES OF DEFENSE.  This first post we will discuss:
#1 – FORCING DECLARER.
This line of defence is one of the most powerful and it’s job is to force declarer to lose control of the hand.  Eventually, the defenders get control of the trump suit so that declarer can no longer cash their side suit winners – YOU WILL HAVE THE ABILITY TO STOP DECLARER BY TRUMPING HER SIDESUIT!  WHOO HOO
CONDITIONS FOR FORCING DECLARER (LISTEN TO THE BIDDING!)
when one or more of the conditions below exist use a Forcing Defense
 
A) Declarer has a two-suited hand. A few examples of a two-suited hand by opener!
– she opened spades and rebid ♥️
Another example – SHE OPENED ♦️; bid ♠️; THEN REBID ♦️
B) anytime you have 4 of declarer’s trump or think your partner has 4
– declarer opened a ❤,
her partner bid a 1 NT (does not have 3 hearts)
– Declarer rebid 2 clubs
her partner now raises the bid to 2 ♥️- she is choosing opener’s first bid suit with 2 card support
You have one ❤—— who has the other 4??????
C) Declarer’s trump suit is split 4-3 (listen to auction) – make her trump in the side with the 4 trump!
D) any time the LONG trump hand can be forced early.  (USUALLY the long trump are in Declarer’s HAND!).
HOW DO I FORCE?
LEAD THE MOST POWERFUL SUIT BETWEEN YOU AND YOUR PARTNER EVERY CHANCE YOU GET!
EXAMPLE:  YOU AND PARTNER BID DURING THE AUCTION AND YOU HAVE A GREAT SUIT BETWEEN YOU, LEAD THAT SUIT!
********** IF DUMMY SHOWS 4 CARDS IN YOU AND YOUR PARTNER’S SUIT, DECLARER ONLY HAS A FEW, KEEP PLAYING YOUR GOOD SUIT AND MAKE Declarer TRUMP FROM HER HAND!!!  SHE IS SHORTENING UP THE TRUMP SUIT AND MAY LOSE CONTROL AND WILL NOT BE ABLE TO DRAW YOUR TRUMP.  THEN YOU AND PARTNER KEEP RUNNING YOUR SUIT AND TRUMP DECLARER’S SIDE SUIT
Sometimes, you may have to lead from tenaces  such as AQ10, KJ10 or AJ10 BUT IN THIS DEFENSE , it is the CORRECT LEAD!

YOUR OBJECTIVE IS TO MAKE IT IMPOSSIBLE FOR DECLARER TO DRAW TRUMPS AND SAFELY CASH HER SIDE SUIT TRICKS!

♏✍🏻
Bidding made Simple, bidding strategy, bidding techniques, Bridge Babies, Bridge made simple, Bridge tips, card game of bridge, learning to play bridge

WHAT DOES “REDOUBLE” MEAN? 

 

This is a great way for you and partner to have more fun at the bridge table!  Get together and learn when to redouble!

Here are three different times to use a redouble –

1) TO SHOW GENERAL STRENGTH OVER INTERFERENCE (DOUBLING)  BY OPPONENT

This is the most common type of redouble used by RESPONDER.  It’s typically used after partner opens the bidding and your right-hand opponent (RHO) makes a TAKEOUT DOUBLE?

If  you, the RESPONDER , REDOUBLE in this auction, YOU promise 10+ “high-card points”  and sends a “This is our hand” message to your partner, the OPENER, because you know, between both hands, your side has the majority of the 40 high-card points.  It suggests that you have good defensive strength in unbid suits and that you may want to double the opponents’ final contract for PENALTY, as you believe you can defeat their contract.

THIS FORCES the opponents to bid, and after they do, THEY HAVE FALLEN INTO YOUR TRAP –  THINK,!!!!  YOU AND OPENER HAVE ASCERTAINED THAT THE OPPONENTS ARE INTERFERING IN YOUR AUCTION.  A DOUBLE NOW by you or partner is their punishment —-DOUBLE for PENALTY!


OR

PLANING YOUR REBID

A REDOUBLE isn’t recommended with just “any” 10 points. It’s important to consider how you’ll continue showing your hand AFTER the opponents run to a suit. This type of redouble works best when your hand is suitable for one of three rebid strategies:

A – You hope to DOUBLE the opponents’ runout. Along with your 10+ points, you’ll usually have shortness in partner’s opening suit and strong holdings at least two unbid suits. This option is most attractive when the opponents are vulnerable and you’re not.

B -You plan to rebid notrump (or steer partner toward notrump). This will be your plan if you have 10+ points and fairly balanced distribution in the unbid suits. You may choose to bid notrump rather than eventually make a penalty double if your holdings are not powerful enough to double the opponents’ contract, especially if the opponents are “not vulnerable”.

******Make careful note of OPPS DOUBLE – OPP was showing support for the three unbid suits, so, if either one of you get to play the hand, you know where the cards are and a rough estimate of points in that opponent’s hand especially for “finessing”!

C – You plan to raise partner’s opening bid suit. –A redouble followed by a minimum raise of partner’s suit shows invitational values (11-12 support points) and moderate trump support (3 cards if partner opened a major, 4+ cards if he opened a minor).

 Partner     RHO      You       LHO
1H           DBL       RDBL      1S
Pass         Pass         2H

Partner can pass 2H if he has a dead-minimum opener.
2). SOS REDOUBLE – H E L P!!!!!!! RESCUE ME PARTNER OVER OPPONENTS DOUBLE AT A LOW LEVEL OF BIDDING

This REDOUBLE is made after the opponents make a penalty of your contract, but it sends the opposite message. Also called an “SOS redouble“, it tells partner that this contract will be a disaster and he should run to another suit. You must have length in all unbid suits to use this redouble.

This meaning applies only if the auction is at a low level and you (the RESPONDER)  haven’t shown support for partner’s suit.  It has to be obvious to RESPONDER that you could be extremely short in his suit or, if the opponents have doubled YOUR OPENING BID, that you have reason to be worried about the length and quality of YOUR suit.

EXAMPLE:

Suppose you open 1C with  ♠AQ8 ♥K864 ♦1054  ♣A92, your left-hand opponent (LHO) makes a TAKEOUT DOUBLE and the auction goes Pass(RESPONDER) – Pass (RHO)back to you, the OPENER. You know your right-hand opponent (RHO) has long, strong clubs because he “converted” his partner’s takeout double to penalty by PASSING!!!

A bid  of Redouble by you asks RESPONDER to rescue you by bidding their longest suit.  YOU DO NOT CARE HOW FEW POINTS RESPONDER HAS -just need a suit fit of an acceptable 7 trump or MORE.

3).  WHEN OPP DOUBLES YOUR CONTRACT AND YOU ARE SURE YOU CAN MAKE THE CONTRACT

This redouble is made after an opponent makes a penalty double of your contract. If you are sure the opponent made a mistake, you can use the call of Redouble to increase your score if you make the contract. If you go down, however, your redouble increases the penalty.

This type of redouble is very rare and should be used cautiously. Even if you’re sure you can make your contract, a redouble keeps the auction open and gives the opponents another chance to bid. It may scare them into running back to a bid of their suit.

♏️✍🏻