Posts

Bridge made simple, REVERSE BY OPENER

REVERSE (OPENER’S REBID)

OPENER’S REBID AT THE TWO LEVEL

A “REVERSE BID” is the backbone of a “standard bidding structure”.  It is not a special “CONVENTION” THEREFORE “it does not need to be alerted”!

TODAY, I will discuss “Opener’s Reverse” (there is also a Responder’s Reverse – another lesson)!

A reverse is always the second bid made by opener after partner has responded at the ONE LEVEL!

WHAT MUST YOU HAVE TO REVERSE:

  1.  17+ high card points
  2.  a two-suited hand – longer in the first suit bid than the second suit mentioned (IN OTHER WORDS AN UNBALANCED HAND)

Look at these two bidding sequences:

OPENER:  1 HEART

responder:  1 spade

OPENER:  2 DIAMONDS

OPENER IS SHOWING 5+ HEARTS AND 4+ DIAMONDS AND A MINIUMUM OPENER

AS Responder, if you can SUPPORT hearts you can keep the bidding low if you have a minimum responding hand

OR

AS Responder you can pass diamonds with 4+ cards in that suit & a minimum hand —as opener has indicated he has a TWO-SUITED minimum hand as well!

2524DE4D-E3D6-4233-A595-DF4816A87394.jpeg

Let’s look at this sequence:

OPENER:  1 DIAMOND

RESPONDER: 1 SPADE

OPENER: 2 HEARTS —this bid identifies that Opener has made  “a reverse bid” by bidding a new suit, after Responder’s bid at the one level, that is higher on the bidding ladder than the one opener started with

NOW— IF YOU, THE RESPONDER WANT TO SUPPORT DIAMONDS YOU ARE FORCED TO DO SO AT THE “THREE LEVEL” —— YOU ARE BEING PUSHED!

OPENER HAS DONE A REVERSE ORDER FOR BIDDING HER TWO SUITS!!!!

SHE IS SHOWING LONGER DIAMONDS, THAN HEARTS AND 17+ POINTS AND THAT BID IS “FORCING” FOR ONE ROUND OF BIDDING EVEN IF YOU, AS RESPONDER, ONLY HAVE 6 POINTS!

IF YOU HAVE HEART SUPPORT – AND MINIMUM DO A SIMPLE RAISE  if not you must bid again!

051881DA-B191-4868-BFEA-70A0568EF915.jpeg

IS THIS SEQUENCE A REVERSE BY OPENER?

OPENER:  1 DIAMOND —- RESPONDER:  1 SPADE

OPENER 2 CLUBS

ANSWER:  NO – AS OPENER’S 2ND SUIT RANKS LOWER THAN THE FIRST SUIT

HOW ABOUT:

OPENER 1 CLUB—RESPONDER 1 SPADE

OPENER 2 DIAMONDS

ANSWER:  YES – OPENER’S 2ND SUIT RANKS HIGHER THAN 1ST AND IS PUSHING YOU TO THE THREE LEVEL IF YOU WANT TO CHOOSE TO PLAY IN CLUBS!

TRY A REVERSE NEXT TIME YOUR HAND QUALIFIES — YOU’LL BE AMAZED TO SEE THE LOOK OF SURPRISE ON YOUR PARTNER’S FACE!

04C69000-8007-474C-96F9-77A506433E22

Bridge made simple

MICHAEL’S CUE BID

MICHAEL’S CUEBID – A FUN CONVENTION

Would you like to be able to show TWO suits at the same time, after your opponent has opened the bidding?

04C69000-8007-474C-96F9-77A506433E22

Let’s say this is your hand:

S AJxxx

H KJ1Oxx

C x

D xx

your RHO has opened 1 CLUB

If you bid 2 CLUBS (CUEBID OF OPPONENT’S SUIT) —

YOU TELL PARTNER YOU HAVE 5 HEARTS AND 5 SPADES – THIS IS CALLED THE MICHAEL’S CUEBID CONVENTION

If you didn’t have this “tool” in your competitive bag – you would have to overcall one spade.  If partner of opener bids 1 no trump, pass by your partner , and opener bids 3 no trump ——now if you show your hearts – you are too high and will get doubled for penalty.

—-OK – YOU DON’T GET THE FINAL CONTRACT but from a defensive point of view, if you use Michael’s Cue Bid – partner will know you have 5 hearts as well as 5 spades and if her hearts are longer than spades, she will lead the longest major suit between the two hands>Good chance to defeat the opponent’s contract!

The playing strength of two-suited hands is well known to all bridge players and WHEN announcing two suits you have a much better chance to find a fit and steal a part-score!

HERE IS THE BIDDING”|:

RHO opens 1 ♣️ – 2 ♣️  Shows spades and hearts

RHO OPENS 1 ♦️ – 2 ♦️Shows spades and hearts

RHO OPENS 1 ♥️ – 2 ♥️Shows spades and a minor

RHO OPENS 1 ♠️ – 2 ♠️Shows hearts and a minor

WHAT DO YOU NEED TO USE MICHAEL’S CUE BID?

  1.  ABSOLUTELY must have two FIVE CARD SUITS
  2. LESS THAN 10 POINTS OR MORE THAN 16 POINTS —THIS IS REFERRED TO A “MINI-MAXI MICHAELS!
  3. WITH A HAND IN THE 11-15 POINT RANGE – OVERCALL THE HIGHER-RANKING SUIT

HOW TO RESPOND TO MICHAEL’S CUE BID:

089450D4-BA25-4BA6-B3BE-88143A10400C.jpeg

With a fit for one of partner’s known suits simply raise to the appropriate level.—-assume partner has a weak hand (mini-Michaels) and if partner bids again you know —it is the “maxi michaels!

What if partner has one major, (which you know) and a minor – which you don’t know?  

SIMPLE_____ JUST BID 2 NO TRUMP WHICH ASKS PARTNER TO BID HER MINOR SUIT

3A8AD568-4443-45F9-A47F-F2B05D0D2465.jpeg

Bridge made simple, learning to play bridge, Second hand low

When to go big or stay home!

Defense — 2nd Hand Play

In this instructional article on defense, our RHO will be leading to the trick (either declarer or dummy is leading to the trick).  It won’t matter if it is a suit contract or notrump.

The old saying for defense is: “Second Hand Low, Third Hand High.” In general, when playing second to the trick, play low. The major exception is “cover an honor with an honor” (which also has exceptions). Don’t you just love bridge?

adult african american black women blond hair
Photo by rawpixel.com on Pexels.com

In this brief summary, I think it will be helpful to start with a very common suit combination:

DUMMY
?J76

 

YOU
  ?K104

 

If the 6 is played from dummy, follow LOW with the four.

 

But, if the JACK is led from dummy, cover with the KING.

DUMMY
YOU ?J76
?A92
 
DECLARER
?Q or ?3

 

If declarer leads low (?3) from his hand, follow LOW with the two.

But, if the QUEEN is led from declarer, cover with the ACE.

photo of mother mary with candles
Photo by Alem Sánchez on Pexels.com

Now let’s look at all 4 hands:

 

?J76
?A92
?K104
?Q853

If declarer leads this suit from dummy or hand, he should lose 3 tricks. When he leads low from dummy (or hand), the next defender plays low. If declarer leads an honor from either hand, the next defender covers.

 

This basic premise: “2nd hand low, but cover an honor with an honor” will cover most situations.

card dark floating focus
Photo by Leo Cardelli on Pexels.com

When declarer leads low from either hand, be wary about grabbing an ace when playing second to a trick. Usually, this is a losing play. Your ace will capture “air.”  Aces are meant to capture higher honors.  Also, you often remove a guess; declarer leading up to king-jack (trying to decide who has the ace and who has the queen) will be delighted if you grab your ace, removing the guess.  Here is a very typical ace-grab to avoid:

ace bet business card
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com
?K86
?A107  
?J954

?Q32

Declarer leads the ?2. If West grabs the ace, you can see what happens. West should play low, and declarer gets only one trick.

If they are in seven, then feel free to grab your ace.  Every now and then, you will duck an ace and “go to bed with it.”  That’s okay.  If you never go to bed with an ace, you are grabbing them too quickly. I’d say that 90% of the time, it is wrong to take an ace when playing second to a trick.

As far as covering an honor with an honor, there are exceptions. Even experts don’t always get it right. Here are two common exceptions, worth learning:

 


?AK109

?Q8765
 

?J

When you see the jack from declarer, don’t cover. What good could it do? If covering won’t promote anything in partner’s hand, don’t cover.

If dummy had ?AK9, then covering is okay (hoping to promote partner’s 10).

The other main exception is: Don’t cover the first honor.  Cover the second honor. For example:

 


?QJ9

?10742
 
?K65

?A83

When dummy’s queen is led, East should NOT cover. If he does, declarer will win the ace and finesse against West’s ?10.

After the queen wins the trick and the jack is led next, East should cover.

Second-hand play is tough, but following the basic rules above should be good enough 90+% of the time.

If you are learning from these posts and want them to continue it would be great to know.  Hope you enjoyed it!

This information was shared from: D278DA52-900B-4FD0-B341-909D404404BC of Larry Cohen

Bridge made simple

Negative Double – Scary Stuff

A negative double is also known as responder’s double!  Example 1 —

Example 1: Negative Double

Partner opens    LHO overalls         YOU            RHO BIDS            PARTNER

1 club                   1 diamond             DOUBLE     3 DIAMONDS      3 HEARTS

YOU, RESPONDER TO THE OPENING BIDDER (YOUR PARTNER) – DOUBLE THE OPPONENTS OVERCALL OF 1 DIAMOND TO LET PARTNER KNOW YOU HAVE RESPONDING POINTS -6+ AND HEARTS AND SPADES —-THIS ALLOWS YOUR PARTNER TO PICK THE CORRECT SUIT – THE ONE HE HAS 4 CARD SUPPORT FOR.

Takeout doubles are used when the opponent opens the bidding and you “double” to get your partner to pick a suit! Example 2

Example 2:  Takeout Double

Opponent opens    Your Partner  Responder bids   YOU BID

1 club                       Doubles           2 clubs                   2 SPADES

YOU, respond to the takeout doubler’s bid as you know your partner has opening points (counting short suit values) and support for the 3 unbid suits,  Your 2 spade bid shows 4 spades and 6-10 points!

animal arachnid close up creepy
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

SOME GUIDELINES for NEGATIVE DOUBLES

– THE HIGHER THE OVERCALL BY OPP, THE MORE POINTS YOU NEED TO MAKE A NEGATIVE DOUBLE

– THE NEGATIVE DOUBLE ALWAYS SHOWS SUPPORT FOR ANY UNBID MAJOR. If you do not have an unbid minor, then you will NEED support for opener’s suit

– to make a negative double when there are two unbid majors you must have 4 card support for both majors

– when partner opens a minor and OPP overcall a major eg 1 Heart – your double shows 4 spades!   Note: if you bid spades it will show 5 spades

– IF YOU BID A NEW MAJOR OVER THE OPPS OVERCALL AT THE TWO LEVEL IT SHOWS 5 OF THE SUIT AND 10+ POINTS WHICH IS FORCING.  HOWEVER, IF YOU HAVE THE 5 CARD SUIT BUT INSUFFICIENT POINTS – USE THE NEGATIVE DOUBLE – WHEN PARTNER BIDS – BID YOUR 5 CARD SUIT OVER HER RESPONSE – NOW THIS IS NOT FORCING!!!!

HAPPY RESPONDING!

 

card dark floating focus
Photo by Leo Cardelli on Pexels.com
Bridge made simple

Weak Two Bids —What?

The weak two bid is a useful form of preemptive opening bid.

Keep in mind, we don’t plan on making a preemptive bid — PREEMPTIVE BIDS are USED to prevent the opponents from having an easy auction when you don’t have opening points.

Preemptive bids are nuisance bids!

DON’T FORGET:

AN OPENING TWO CLUB BID IS ALWAYS SHOWING A STRONG HAND —22+ POINTS —IF YOU HAVE A GOOD SIX CARD CLUB SUIT PREEMPT AT THE 3 LEVEL OR IF VULNERABLE JUST PASS.

WHAT DO YOU NEED TO OPEN A WEAK TWO?

5-11 HIGH CARD POINTS

A GOOD 6 CARD SUIT

CAFA478F-16C4-4551-9826-5F49894792B4

WHAT QUALIFIES AS A “GOOD” SIX CARD SUIT:

TWO OF THE TOP THREE HONOURS –

THREE OF THE TOP FIVE HONOURS

RESPONSES TO A WEAK-TWO BID

***A raise of opener’s suit is to play – Opener must pass

***A jump to 3 no trump is to play – Opener must pass.

***A response in a new suit below game level is FORCING  FOR ONE ROUND AND SHOWS A 5 CARD SUIT   —OPENER RESPONDS AS FOLLOWS:

—WITH 3 CARD SUPPORT, OR DOUBLETON HONOR, OPENER RAISES RESPONDER’S SUIT

—WITH NO FIT, OPENER REBIDS ORIGINAL SUIT WITH A MINIMUM (5-8 POINTS) AND

—BIDS A NEW SUIT OR NO TRUMP WITH A MAXIMUM (9-11 POINTS)

***A response of 2NT is artificial and used as a FORCING BID, showing game interest and asking this question:  Opener do you have a weak hand ? (5-8 points) —if so rebid your original suit at the three level.

***With a MAXIMUM WEAK TWO (9-11 POINTS), opener bids another suit to show a FEATURE – USUALLY AND ACE OR KING IN THAT SUIT —with no outside feature, opener rebids 3 no trump to show a MAXIMUM HAND.

EA7A3E32-986B-4D68-8E05-04D929A6896F

Bridge made simple

Balancing

Thanksgiving weekend is over and I didn’t balance the amount on my plate very well.  We were blessed to share thanksgiving dinner with family on Sunday and close friends on Monday so “balancing” came to mind this morning.  I will go nowhere near a scale this week for sure.

I DECIDED I needed a nice clean work area and while my tea was steeping, I started  my bridge lesson on -you guessed it –

“Balancing in Bridge”!

 Have you ever heard that word before in reference to bridge?  If not you’re in for a pleasant surprise!

5D1E43D2-8F5C-49BC-A6EB-C388EE1D7682.jpeg

You sit down at the bridge table and dealer (N) opens 1 diamond, E passes, (S) your right-hand opponent passes —you are now in 3rd seat after two passes with fewer than 12 high-card points —I bet if you have never heard of “Balancing” – you would automatically pass and comment “I’ve got nothing.”

After today you will have a new strategy—

Get ready to balance!

2FBE2174-33C0-4DC2-8119-2E968D362875

Opening light in 3rd seat after two passes, with fewer than 12 high-card points, is common practice.

As noted above,

N opens 1 diamond

E passes

S passes

You (W) are in the passout seat: – if you pass North is playing 1 diamond

So this is what to do:

(1) add the value of a KING (3 points) to your hand

(2). Now, with THIS NEW HAND VALUE what would you do if in the direct seat over North’s opening bid with this new hand value?

 

YOU WOULD USE the USUAL options after an opponent on your right OPENS THE BIDDING which are to:

—double FOR TAKEOUT BY YOUR PARTNER

—overcall with a good 5 card or longer suit

—bid no trump as a balancing no trump  (a balanced hand and stoppers in opener’s suit – not necessarily the usual 15-18 as we have added the value of a king to get to that point count)  HERE COMES THE TRICKY PART —

JUST SAYING —It didn’t take long for my work area to lose it’s symmetry-

F47540D0-F1D4-47F2-88D5-3925BA83752F.jpeg

 

WHAT DOES YOUR PARTNER DO??

PARTNER OF BALANCER:

1. DEDUCT 3 POINTS FROM THE VALUE OF THEIR HAND AND BIDS AS FOLLOWS:

0-10 POINTS MAKES THE CHEAPEST BID AVAILABLE

11-14 JUMPS A LEVEL

15+ POINTS —CUEBIDS THE OPPONENTS OPENING SUIT (IN THIS CASE DIAMONDS) – TO SHOW A GAME GOING HAND

that’s it on Balancing — now are you wondering what to do in 4th seat after two passes—

4th SEAT OPENINGS

USE THE RULE OF 15

ADD YOUR HIGH-CARD POINTS TO THE NUMBER OF SPADES YOU HOLD AND IF It COMES TO 15 OR MORE BID – IF NOT, PASS —

IT’S REALLY JUST THAT SIMPLE ..

If you enjoy these posts could I ask you to press “LIKE” at the top of my Facebook Page under the main picture for my site.  Then when I make a post you will get a message in your e-mail.  Also, you can make COMMENTS and I can REPLY.  I would love to hear what subjects you would be interested in learning.

Cheers

 

Bridge made simple, Bridge tips, learning to play bridge, Takeout double

When in Pain – Double!

HOW DO YOU KNOW WHEN TO DOUBLE FOR TAKEOUT?

When the opponent on your right opens the bidding in a suit , you can do one of three things:

1. Overcall with a 5 card or longer suit and 8+ points at the one level or 12 or more points and a 5 card or longer suit at the 2 level

2. Bid no trump with a stopper in opponents suit and 15-18 points

Or435401D5-0FAD-413A-B638-6748E7A8FA5E

Since you are “IN PAIN” — DOUBLE!

YOU NEED:

1.  Support for the unbid suits (two 4 card suits AND at least a 3 card suit for the third suit))

2.  Opening points (high card points plus dummy points in opponent’s suit –

ADD:
5 for a void;
3 for singleton;
and 1 for doubleton – add dummy points to high card points for total hand value

then DOUBLE FOR TAKEOUT!!!!!!!

 You are asking your partner to:
GO SHOPPING AND PICK A SUIT AND WHILE DOING SO TO SHOW A POINT COUNT—AS REMEMBER, YOU ARE FORCING YOUR PARTNER TO BID EVEN WITH ZERO POINTS!

 

ADVANCER (YOUR PARTNER’S NEW DESIGNATION — is not the responder –

If the opponent (RESPONDER) on Your left passes, the double is FORCING even with ZERO POINTS YOU MUST BID ———-YES, you don’t want to leave opponents doubled in a one level bid as they will no doubt make it!

THIS IS THE TWO PART RESPONSE BY ADVANCER:

1. GO SHOPPING AND PICK THE SUIT 
give preference to a major suit – hearts or spades – 4 card support –

WITH THE OPPONENT’s suit well stopped consider no trump as your partner has support for the other three suits.

2.  SHOW YOUR POINTS!!!!!!!!!!!!!
-0-8 bid your suit at cheapest level available
– 9-11 points – jump a level
13 or more – jump to game in a major – jump to 4 level in a minor and invite
when you have strength in the opponent’s  suit, bid no trump

If the responder (opp. On your left ) bids over the double – if you have less than 5 points you can pass as the double is taken out.  Listen up! – With 6+ you should bid.

As ADVANCER
WITH AN OPENING POINT HAND YOURSELF YOU CAN CUEBID THE OPPONENT’s opening suit to get more info about the DOUBLER’S hand.  A CUEBID BY ADVANCER IS FORCING !!!!!

 

IMG_0065

REBIDS BY TAKEOUT DOUBLER
– the doubler needs to show whether he has a medium or maximum hand
With a minimum opening hand (12-15)  – if partner shows 0-8 points you should PASS

With a medium opening hand (16-18) – RAISE ONE LEVEL  to invite partner to go to game if at the top of the range

With a maximum opening bid (19-21) JUMP A LEVEL

BIG DOUBLE
You do not have to have all the unbid suits but you must be able to bid your 5 card or longer suit if advancer picks a suit you do not have support for.
With 17+ points as doubler, after partner picks the suit and shows points, you bid your 5 card or longer suit to show “the BIG DOUBLE” —-

ADVANCER THEN KNOWS HER PARTNER (the doubler) has 17+ points and a 5 card or longer suit – she can still pass with support (at least 2 card support ) but should consider the total points between both hands and where is the best place to play.

Please visit my new Facebook Page wwwMargieGrams.  You don’t have to have a facebook page as it is a public Page.  Hit the “LIKE” under my photo if you love it!