Posts

Bridge made simple, Defense, Signalling

Defense – SIGNALLING

DEFENCE – SIGNALLING

Since the defenders can’t see each other’s hands, they must try communication their strength and distribution thru the use of defensive signals.

They have a opportunity to make a signal whenever they have a choice of cards to play to a trick. The types of signals the defenders can use, in order of priority are:

SHOWING ATTITUDE

433C2924-9AF8-4564-AA47-9DC91E9E6617

WHEN your partner is on lead against a suit contract and leads from their suit, if they lead a low card, you play to win the trick and later lead back partner’s suit.

If partner plays a high card, and you have an honour, you play as high as you can afford (6+) to say “YES, Partner WE LOVE THAT SUIT PLEASE CONTINUE PLAYING IT!”— you have shown “ATITUDE”.

or you play a LOW card (5 or under) that says “NO” please SWITCH TO ANOTHER!
SUIT.”—we have shown “ATTITUDE.”

You are, in effect, asking Partner to take a look at the DUMMY HAND and lead thru the strength on the board so you can capture Declarer’s high cards! You also plan to lead back partner’s led suit to trap any high cards Declarer has in hand in the suit partner led.

GIVING COUNT

90652412-D4BF-4B9F-A949-BFFBACFACA68.jpeg

If ATTITUDE is ruled out , you give “count”. This usually happens when Dummy comes down with a string of high cards in the suit your partner led. Now your partner needs to know how many cards you hold in the suit led!!!
High followed a low card shows an even number of cards in the suit. Low followed by a higher card indicates an uneven number of cards. When that suit is played for the second time you get a proper reading of the count by watching the next card partner plays in that suit!

Once we rule out attitude and count, there are times when we need to find a way to tell partner which suit to switch too. This is called showing “SUIT PREFERENCE”

SHOWING SUIT PREFERENCE

When partner will have a choice of leading one or two suits, a high card played by you, shows preference for the higher ranking suit, a Low card played by you, shows preference for a lower ranking suit.

Here is one example where SUIT PREFERENCE would be used.

The opponents are playing a contract of 4 Hearts ♥️

Partner leads the Ace of Diamonds ♦️ (we know our partner holds the King of diamonds as well as partner would not lead an unsupported ACE).

DUMMY goes down and there is a SINGLETON diamond ♦️ on board –

Do you or partner now care that partner has the KING of ♦️?
Answer : NO – ATTITUDE DOES NOT MATTER
Do you or partner need to know how many diamonds between you?
ANSWER: NO – COUNT IS RULED OUT

YOU NOW HAVE A GREAT OPPORTUNITY TO USE SUIT PREFERENCE —TELL YOUR PARTNER WHICH SUIT TO SWITCH TO!!!!

DF1D9E07-AE42-4B43-BA15-DF6F9005D597.jpeg

 

Let’s rule out Declarer’s HEART SUIT (trump suit)
Let’s rule out the DIAMOND SUIT (Dummy is now void in that suit)
There are two suits remaining – CLUBS AND HEARTS – club suit is lower on the bidding ladder than hearts

YOU MUST FOLLOW THE SUIT LED AND PLAY A DIAMOND, RIGHT???

MAGIC MOMENT:
If you play a low diamond, YOU ARE REQUESTING A CLUB LEAD
if you play a high diamond, YOU ARE REQUESTING A SPADE LEAD

IMPORTANT : Your Partner Who led MUST PAY ATTENTION TO THE CARD YOU PUT DOWN ON THEIR ACE OF DIAMONDS to get the message!

ALSO, once you and partner agree to show attitude, count and suit preference, it will always be “ON” as part of your signalling.

For now start using Suit Preference when Partner leads his Ace and there is a void or Singleton on the board!!!!

Check out:
http://www.thebridgeguru.com

Also check out my fun blog at
http://www.MargieGrams.com
If you would like to receive a notice once a blog is posted, HIT FOLLOW- leave your name and e-mail – I do not share e-mails with others.

Happy Defence !

8 defence lessons -one every two weeks, Bridge made simple

Defense -Lesson 4 – 2nd Hand Low

When Declarer or Dummy leads a suit and you are in second seat, the general guideline is “second hand plays low”!  The other guideline is “cover an honour with an honour”!  If you are happy to play these two rules, then pass GO, collect $200 and move on.  However, if you wish to save several thousand tricks over your bridge playing career, read on.

1.  WHEN DUMMY LEADS AN HONOUR —the Queen; and you have
King, 10, 9
Cover the Queen with your KING which will promote your TEN to a third round trick!
E6103E53-2E18-468C-8D3C-09195ACD54EA.jpeg
WHEN DUMMY LEADS AN HONOUR —the Queen from Q, 2 and you have
King, 5, 4
DO NOT COVER WHEN THERE IS NOTHING TO PROMOTE!
 
Do not play the King on the Queen, unless you know partner has 10’s or 9’s to promote—
 
If you can’t promote anything for yourself, and partner has insufficient length to effect a promotion, don’t cover.
B665AA91-1643-43F6-AC3C-3403C7B17F47.jpeg
2.  IF DUMMY HAS A NUMBER OF EQUAL HONOURS, COVER THE LAST EQUAL HONOUR!!!!
 
Example:  dummy has Q, J, 2 – do not cover when he leads the queen —- cover when he plays the jack— the last high card led.
63BC76F8-F6D5-4BFB-88C3-92E241C5B6B6
 
3.  SPLITTING HONOURS
 
While you want to avoid wasting high cards, you also want to prevent Declarer from getting a trick too cheaply, for example:
DUMMY
6, 4, 3- Decl. Leads 2 from Dummy
YOU
K, Q, x x —SPLIT YOUR HONOURS AND PLAY THE QUEEN
DECL
A J X X
C27DCE13-2AC6-46D5-9097-05A8795158F4

4.  ANOTHER TIME TO AVOID PLAYING 2ND HAND LOW IS WHEN YOU CAN WIN THE “SETTING TRICK”!

Bridge made simple

Defense – Lesson 3 – 3rd Hand High

When your partner leads to a trick and you are third person to play to that trick, a useful guideline is third hand High.  When you are the last player on your side to contribute a card to a trick, you want to try and win the trick for your side, if possible; otherwise you want to help promote winners in your partner’s hand.


Third hand high


You need to play as high a card as necessary to try to win the trick. With a choice of equal (touching) cards, play the lowest.  Holding queen, jack, 3 — play the jack —as high as necessary. When partner watches what Declarer puts on the jack to win the trick ( Declarer plays the ace) —-partner will know you must have the queen as well as the jack!

If partner leads a high card which will win the trick, you don’t need to play a higher card unless you have to unblock the suit by overtaking partner’s card. Consider this scenario, partner leads the King vs a no trump contract, this lead suggests partner has the queen and jack and maybe more cards in that suit. You are sitting with the ace, and a little card in P’s led suit. You must play the ace and return the small card to get back into partner’s hand. By unblocking the suit your side will be able to run the suit!

Slow down and pay attention


Another situation where you only play as high as necessary is the following: if DUMMY, 2nd hand has a high card that is not played (queen for instance) — and you have the King, 10, 4 — play the 10 which might win the trick! Keep the queen on the board trapped!!!!

8 defence lessons -one every two weeks, Bridge made simple, Bridge tips, Choosing the card to lead against suit contracts, Defense, Leads against suit contracts

Defense Course – Lesson Two

DEFENSE COURSE -LESSON TWO
 

OPENING LEADS AGAINST SUIT CONTRACTS

The last lesson dealt with leads against a no trump contract.  This lesson is quite different as the presence of a trump suit influences both the way Declarer plays and the way the defenders try to defeat the contract.
Starting with the opening lead, the defenders must take a different approach in choosing the suit to attack and in choosing the specific card to lead.
In this lesson we will look at where the differences arise and we’ll come up with guidelines for making the lead against a SUIT (trump) contract.  Let’s start pecking away:
3000b10d-4e62-4983-a105-34187f54179e
USE THE FOLLOWING GUIDELINES WHEN CHOOSING A SUIT TO LEAD AGAINST A TRUMP CONTRACT:
In order of choices:
Lead Partner’s suit (assuming she bid a suit)
Lead a STRONG 2 CARD SEQUENCE [K Q]—always lead the top card first
Lead an UNBID SUIT
Lead a short suit —-CAUTION—only if partner is able to give you a ruff before trumps are drawn.  If you have an ace and a small card in a side suit —lead your ace, then small —- if you have the ace of trump you can win the first trump led by Declarer, then lead a card to your partner to win a trick and lead back the suit you are now void in.  Partner now knows you are out of the suit you led (because you played “high card followed by a low card —HIGH/LOW.  Now you can get a ruff.
Lead a trump when Declarer is likely to want to trump losers in dummy
Example:
Declarer opened 1 SPADE and her partner responded 2 HEARTS, Declarer now bids 3 Dimaonds and her partner passes!
———think about Declarer’s bidding?  What do we know?
Declarer has 5 spades and at least 4 diamonds
Declarer’s partner does not have 3 spades —DECLARER WILL WANT TO RUFF SPADE LOSERS IN DUMMY!!!!!!!!!  Foil her plan by taking the trump off the board!
Lead from a long suit when you or partner have 4 or more TRUMP!  This is called a forcing Defense -you try to shorten up Declarer’s trump in her hand (make her ruff in her hand) so you will have more of her trump than she has in her hand
2524DE4D-E3D6-4233-A595-DF4816A87394

CHOOSING WHICH CARD TO LEAD

Lead the top card from a DOUBLETON

 
Lead the top of touching honours
 
Lead fourth highest with no sequence
 
Never lead an unsupported ACE – it’s ok to lead ACE when you hold the KING
OR IF YOUR PARTNER BID THE SUIT DURING THE AUCTION —
Remember Aces are meant to capture Kings!
 
If you’re hand is such that whatever you lead you are helping the Declarer, lead trump!  Not an unsupported ACE!
 
Leads from NOTHING (e.g., 8 6 2)——when you lead the “top of nothing” partner knows you do not have an honour.  The downside is Partner won’t know it is not a doubleton until the third time round!

Happy Bridging!
E3615D2B-695E-433B-A329-E36F3CCD8B6C.jpeg
Bidding made Simple, Bridge Babies, Bridge made simple, card game of bridge, Cosmic Door, Defense, learning to play bridge

Sharpen your Defence – 8 Lessons

OPENING LEADS are the “FIRST LINE OF DEFENSE”
The simplest way not to miss a post!
 CLICK “FOLLOW” then you will get an e-mail when each instalment is posted.   IT’S THAT SIMPLE!
There will be SEVEN more posts on Defense over the next few months.
OPENING LEADS VS NO TRUMP CONTRACTS BY OPPONENT
Opening leads are the most important part of defense and one of the most challenging.
On most hands, however, a useful lead can be found by:
– listening carefully to the bidding
– finding clues in the auction
It is my plan to give you basic info to keep the guesswork to a minimum and to find strategies to find the best possible and often the killer lead.  Keep in mind once Dummy appears, you will have more info available and your initial strategy may need revision.
It is very gratifying to defeat the contract by getting off to the best defense.  As these defense strategies are posted, make time with your bridge partner or group, to discuss and implement them.
Send the website address (www.thebridgeguru.com) to your friends so they can ‘FOLLOW’!

7D51FB7B-9C33-4BF9-8B22-7FED6DD90225
A WISE OLD OWL ONCE SAID:

When your partner has BID a suit and you are defending, you should lead partner’s suit unless you clearly have a much better alternative.  Also if your partner has LED a suit, you should RETURN PARTNER’S SUIT WHEN YOU GET A CHANCE, unless you have something clearly better to do and don’t mind looking for a new partner🤣

DEFENDING AGAINST A NO-TRUMP CONTRACT

1.  If partner has bid a suit lead it;  

WHICH CARD?

– top card of a DOUBLETON (eg. 9 7 – lead the 9)—(Q 5 lead Q)
– top of touching honours (E.g., Q, J, 10 4) lead the Q, followed by J, then the 10 etc.)
– no sequence in P’s suit lead low – 4th from longest & strongest

adult african american black women blond hair
Photo by rawpixel.com on Pexels.com

2.  If Partner did not bid vs no trump contract :

lead “top of touching honours” from a 4 card suit or longer suit in your hand.

There are three types of sequences as follows:

A- Regular sequence:

Q J 10 x — always & forever (I promise) lead the “TOP CARD – the Queen!!!  Now partner knows you have 3 high cards that touch —the Queen followed by the Jack and ten and maybe a couple of small cards!!!

Guideline:  With a “REGULAR SEQUENCE” always lead the TOP OF TOUCHING!

B- Broken Sequence

Q J 9 x x – two “touching high cards that touch with a break” —-notice if you lead the “9” – declarer can win the first trick with the 10!!!!!!!

Guideline:  With a “BROKEN SEQUENCE” treat as if it were a “regular sequence” and lead the HIGHEST CARD—the queen from Q J 9 —the TOP OF TOUCHING!

C-Interior Sequence 

K J 10 x x – a sequence of two or more cards that touch  the “J 10” with a “higher-ranking” card in the suit!

If you led the King, Declarer could win the Ace and still hold the Queen!

Guideline:  With an ‘INTERIOR SEQUENCE”  (K J 10 X X) lead the TOP of the touching honours”—lead the J!

3.  With no sequence:

lead 4th from longest and strongest (with a choice of suits lead the stronger or the unbid suit)

Don’t forget to hit ‘FOLLOW” so will be get a reminder in your e-mail when a new lesson is posted.

For updates on “Cosmic Door” follow my author page on Facebook @
www.MargieGrams.com
Author Page

Available NOW in paperback (to order on-line) and e-books:  chapters.indigo.ca, Barnes&Noble,kobo,nook and as shown below – Amazon
c37fa701-f7ee-49dd-8a0e-bfc871534c55
Bridge made simple

Christmas Magic

THE RULE OF ELEVEN” —USED WHEN  DEFENDING AGAINST NO TRUMP CONTRACTS

If you don’t have a 3 card sequence (Q J 10 x), you usually select a suit of at least 4 cards and start with your fourth-best card; for example, the “6” from the fourth-best card, say K-10-8-6-4.

You may not know that the 4th-best lead is the oldest convention in bridge (bet you thought conventions were only about bidding).  You may also be unaware of the main advantage of selecting that “particular card” from your long suit.

It’s called the “Rule of 11”—a key element of defense well worth discussing with partner:

Here’s how it works:  SOUTH is Declarer in  3 No Trump – West leads

PARTNER:  (WEST) HOLDS:

Diamonds (D) K J 8 6 4 – W leads 6 of D’s

DUMMY: (D) 10 7 2 – DECLARER PLAYS 2 D’s FROM DUMMY

YOU (EAST) HOLD:  (D) Q 9 —-Before you play the Queen, take a moment!

SUBTRACT 6 (P’S SUIT) FROM 11 = 5

THIS ANSWER TELLS YOU HOW MANY CARDS HIGHER THAN “6 D’s” CAN BE FOUND “OUTSIDE OF P’S HAND” —-IN THIS CASE THE ANSWER IS 5

—- YOU LOOK AT DUMMY AND IT HAS TWO CARDS OVER 6

–YOU LOOK AT YOUR HAND AND YOU HAVE TWO CARDS OVER 6

THAT’S 4 CARDS OVER 6 – SO DECLARER (SOUTH) HAS 1 CARD OVER SIX –

YOU PLAY THE QUEEN & IF SOUTH DOES NOT PLAY THE HIGHER CARD YOU CONTINUE WITH THE 9 – IF SOUTH HOLDS UP THE ACE A 2ND TIME PARTNER OVERTAKES YOUR 9 WITH HIS JACK AND CONTINUES DIAMONDS TO DRIVE OUT SOUTH’S ACE

HERE IS ANOTHER WAY TO USE THE RULE OF 11 

DUMMY (N) -CLUBS (C)  K 5 2

YOU (EAST) – (C) A 10 9 3

PARTNER WEST LEADS THE 7 CLUBS AND DECLARER (S) PLAYS LOW FROM DUMMY.  What should you play”

Use the Rule of 11

7 – 11 = 4

you see: one card higher than “4” in Dummy’  – you have 3 cards higher than 4 for a total of 4 cards – Declarer (South) does not have any cards higher than 7 in her hand!!!!

You play the 3 of clubs from your hand!

Using the Rule of 11 and other clues from the bidding and play, you can make better decisions as a Defender.  It takes some practice but if you are diligent in applying the Rule of 11 vs No Trump contracts, it will become second nature to you – and you hope- your partner!

D8E513EF-CA6B-4D77-965A-4F1D7E824D1E

Note:  If partner leads a 2 you know Partner only has a 4 card suit!  Think on that one!

Enjoy the simple pleasures this holiday season…

 

FED2CFA3-AE11-47D7-88A0-53FF4521CB60.jpeg

 

 

Bridge made simple, REVERSE BY OPENER

REVERSE (OPENER’S REBID)

OPENER’S REBID AT THE TWO LEVEL

A “REVERSE BID” is the backbone of a “standard bidding structure”.  It is not a special “CONVENTION” THEREFORE “it does not need to be alerted”!

TODAY, I will discuss “Opener’s Reverse” (there is also a Responder’s Reverse – another lesson)!

A reverse is always the second bid made by opener after partner has responded at the ONE LEVEL!

WHAT MUST YOU HAVE TO REVERSE:

  1.  17+ high card points
  2.  a two-suited hand – longer in the first suit bid than the second suit mentioned (IN OTHER WORDS AN UNBALANCED HAND)

Look at these two bidding sequences:

OPENER:  1 HEART

responder:  1 spade

OPENER:  2 DIAMONDS

OPENER IS SHOWING 5+ HEARTS AND 4+ DIAMONDS AND A MINIUMUM OPENER

AS Responder, if you can SUPPORT hearts you can keep the bidding low if you have a minimum responding hand

OR

AS Responder you can pass diamonds with 4+ cards in that suit & a minimum hand —as opener has indicated he has a TWO-SUITED minimum hand as well!

2524DE4D-E3D6-4233-A595-DF4816A87394.jpeg

Let’s look at this sequence:

OPENER:  1 DIAMOND

RESPONDER: 1 SPADE

OPENER: 2 HEARTS —this bid identifies that Opener has made  “a reverse bid” by bidding a new suit, after Responder’s bid at the one level, that is higher on the bidding ladder than the one opener started with

NOW— IF YOU, THE RESPONDER WANT TO SUPPORT DIAMONDS YOU ARE FORCED TO DO SO AT THE “THREE LEVEL” —— YOU ARE BEING PUSHED!

OPENER HAS DONE A REVERSE ORDER FOR BIDDING HER TWO SUITS!!!!

SHE IS SHOWING LONGER DIAMONDS, THAN HEARTS AND 17+ POINTS AND THAT BID IS “FORCING” FOR ONE ROUND OF BIDDING EVEN IF YOU, AS RESPONDER, ONLY HAVE 6 POINTS!

IF YOU HAVE HEART SUPPORT – AND MINIMUM DO A SIMPLE RAISE  if not you must bid again!

051881DA-B191-4868-BFEA-70A0568EF915.jpeg

IS THIS SEQUENCE A REVERSE BY OPENER?

OPENER:  1 DIAMOND —- RESPONDER:  1 SPADE

OPENER 2 CLUBS

ANSWER:  NO – AS OPENER’S 2ND SUIT RANKS LOWER THAN THE FIRST SUIT

HOW ABOUT:

OPENER 1 CLUB—RESPONDER 1 SPADE

OPENER 2 DIAMONDS

ANSWER:  YES – OPENER’S 2ND SUIT RANKS HIGHER THAN 1ST AND IS PUSHING YOU TO THE THREE LEVEL IF YOU WANT TO CHOOSE TO PLAY IN CLUBS!

TRY A REVERSE NEXT TIME YOUR HAND QUALIFIES — YOU’LL BE AMAZED TO SEE THE LOOK OF SURPRISE ON YOUR PARTNER’S FACE!

04C69000-8007-474C-96F9-77A506433E22