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Bridge made simple

Negative Double – Scary Stuff

A negative double is also known as responder’s double!  Example 1 —

Example 1: Negative Double

Partner opens    LHO overalls         YOU            RHO BIDS            PARTNER

1 club                   1 diamond             DOUBLE     3 DIAMONDS      3 HEARTS

YOU, RESPONDER TO THE OPENING BIDDER (YOUR PARTNER) – DOUBLE THE OPPONENTS OVERCALL OF 1 DIAMOND TO LET PARTNER KNOW YOU HAVE RESPONDING POINTS -6+ AND HEARTS AND SPADES —-THIS ALLOWS YOUR PARTNER TO PICK THE CORRECT SUIT – THE ONE HE HAS 4 CARD SUPPORT FOR.

Takeout doubles are used when the opponent opens the bidding and you “double” to get your partner to pick a suit! Example 2

Example 2:  Takeout Double

Opponent opens    Your Partner  Responder bids   YOU BID

1 club                       Doubles           2 clubs                   2 SPADES

YOU, respond to the takeout doubler’s bid as you know your partner has opening points (counting short suit values) and support for the 3 unbid suits,  Your 2 spade bid shows 4 spades and 6-10 points!

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SOME GUIDELINES for NEGATIVE DOUBLES

– THE HIGHER THE OVERCALL BY OPP, THE MORE POINTS YOU NEED TO MAKE A NEGATIVE DOUBLE

– THE NEGATIVE DOUBLE ALWAYS SHOWS SUPPORT FOR ANY UNBID MAJOR. If you do not have an unbid minor, then you will NEED support for opener’s suit

– to make a negative double when there are two unbid majors you must have 4 card support for both majors

– when partner opens a minor and OPP overcall a major eg 1 Heart – your double shows 4 spades!   Note: if you bid spades it will show 5 spades

– IF YOU BID A NEW MAJOR OVER THE OPPS OVERCALL AT THE TWO LEVEL IT SHOWS 5 OF THE SUIT AND 10+ POINTS WHICH IS FORCING.  HOWEVER, IF YOU HAVE THE 5 CARD SUIT BUT INSUFFICIENT POINTS – USE THE NEGATIVE DOUBLE – WHEN PARTNER BIDS – BID YOUR 5 CARD SUIT OVER HER RESPONSE – NOW THIS IS NOT FORCING!!!!

HAPPY RESPONDING!

 

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Bridge made simple

Weak Two Bids —What?

The weak two bid is a useful form of preemptive opening bid.

Keep in mind, we don’t plan on making a preemptive bid — PREEMPTIVE BIDS are USED to prevent the opponents from having an easy auction when you don’t have opening points.

Preemptive bids are nuisance bids!

DON’T FORGET:

AN OPENING TWO CLUB BID IS ALWAYS SHOWING A STRONG HAND —22+ POINTS —IF YOU HAVE A GOOD SIX CARD CLUB SUIT PREEMPT AT THE 3 LEVEL OR IF VULNERABLE JUST PASS.

WHAT DO YOU NEED TO OPEN A WEAK TWO?

5-11 HIGH CARD POINTS

A GOOD 6 CARD SUIT

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WHAT QUALIFIES AS A “GOOD” SIX CARD SUIT:

TWO OF THE TOP THREE HONOURS –

THREE OF THE TOP FIVE HONOURS

RESPONSES TO A WEAK-TWO BID

***A raise of opener’s suit is to play – Opener must pass

***A jump to 3 no trump is to play – Opener must pass.

***A response in a new suit below game level is FORCING  FOR ONE ROUND AND SHOWS A 5 CARD SUIT   —OPENER RESPONDS AS FOLLOWS:

—WITH 3 CARD SUPPORT, OR DOUBLETON HONOR, OPENER RAISES RESPONDER’S SUIT

—WITH NO FIT, OPENER REBIDS ORIGINAL SUIT WITH A MINIMUM (5-8 POINTS) AND

—BIDS A NEW SUIT OR NO TRUMP WITH A MAXIMUM (9-11 POINTS)

***A response of 2NT is artificial and used as a FORCING BID, showing game interest and asking this question:  Opener do you have a weak hand ? (5-8 points) —if so rebid your original suit at the three level.

***With a MAXIMUM WEAK TWO (9-11 POINTS), opener bids another suit to show a FEATURE – USUALLY AND ACE OR KING IN THAT SUIT —with no outside feature, opener rebids 3 no trump to show a MAXIMUM HAND.

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Bridge made simple

Balancing

Thanksgiving weekend is over and I didn’t balance the amount on my plate very well.  We were blessed to share thanksgiving dinner with family on Sunday and close friends on Monday so “balancing” came to mind this morning.  I will go nowhere near a scale this week for sure.

I DECIDED I needed a nice clean work area and while my tea was steeping, I started  my bridge lesson on -you guessed it –

“Balancing in Bridge”!

 Have you ever heard that word before in reference to bridge?  If not you’re in for a pleasant surprise!

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You sit down at the bridge table and dealer (N) opens 1 diamond, E passes, (S) your right-hand opponent passes —you are now in 3rd seat after two passes with fewer than 12 high-card points —I bet if you have never heard of “Balancing” – you would automatically pass and comment “I’ve got nothing.”

After today you will have a new strategy—

Get ready to balance!

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Opening light in 3rd seat after two passes, with fewer than 12 high-card points, is common practice.

As noted above,

N opens 1 diamond

E passes

S passes

You (W) are in the passout seat: – if you pass North is playing 1 diamond

So this is what to do:

(1) add the value of a KING (3 points) to your hand

(2). Now, with THIS NEW HAND VALUE what would you do if in the direct seat over North’s opening bid with this new hand value?

 

YOU WOULD USE the USUAL options after an opponent on your right OPENS THE BIDDING which are to:

—double FOR TAKEOUT BY YOUR PARTNER

—overcall with a good 5 card or longer suit

—bid no trump as a balancing no trump  (a balanced hand and stoppers in opener’s suit – not necessarily the usual 15-18 as we have added the value of a king to get to that point count)  HERE COMES THE TRICKY PART —

JUST SAYING —It didn’t take long for my work area to lose it’s symmetry-

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WHAT DOES YOUR PARTNER DO??

PARTNER OF BALANCER:

1. DEDUCT 3 POINTS FROM THE VALUE OF THEIR HAND AND BIDS AS FOLLOWS:

0-10 POINTS MAKES THE CHEAPEST BID AVAILABLE

11-14 JUMPS A LEVEL

15+ POINTS —CUEBIDS THE OPPONENTS OPENING SUIT (IN THIS CASE DIAMONDS) – TO SHOW A GAME GOING HAND

that’s it on Balancing — now are you wondering what to do in 4th seat after two passes—

4th SEAT OPENINGS

USE THE RULE OF 15

ADD YOUR HIGH-CARD POINTS TO THE NUMBER OF SPADES YOU HOLD AND IF It COMES TO 15 OR MORE BID – IF NOT, PASS —

IT’S REALLY JUST THAT SIMPLE ..

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Bridge made simple, Bridge tips, learning to play bridge, Takeout double

When in Pain – Double!

HOW DO YOU KNOW WHEN TO DOUBLE FOR TAKEOUT?

When the opponent on your right opens the bidding in a suit , you can do one of three things:

1. Overcall with a 5 card or longer suit and 8+ points at the one level or 12 or more points and a 5 card or longer suit at the 2 level

2. Bid no trump with a stopper in opponents suit and 15-18 points

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Since you are “IN PAIN” — DOUBLE!

YOU NEED:

1.  Support for the unbid suits (two 4 card suits AND at least a 3 card suit for the third suit))

2.  Opening points (high card points plus dummy points in opponent’s suit –

ADD:
5 for a void;
3 for singleton;
and 1 for doubleton – add dummy points to high card points for total hand value

then DOUBLE FOR TAKEOUT!!!!!!!

 You are asking your partner to:
GO SHOPPING AND PICK A SUIT AND WHILE DOING SO TO SHOW A POINT COUNT—AS REMEMBER, YOU ARE FORCING YOUR PARTNER TO BID EVEN WITH ZERO POINTS!

 

ADVANCER (YOUR PARTNER’S NEW DESIGNATION — is not the responder –

If the opponent (RESPONDER) on Your left passes, the double is FORCING even with ZERO POINTS YOU MUST BID ———-YES, you don’t want to leave opponents doubled in a one level bid as they will no doubt make it!

THIS IS THE TWO PART RESPONSE BY ADVANCER:

1. GO SHOPPING AND PICK THE SUIT 
give preference to a major suit – hearts or spades – 4 card support –

WITH THE OPPONENT’s suit well stopped consider no trump as your partner has support for the other three suits.

2.  SHOW YOUR POINTS!!!!!!!!!!!!!
-0-8 bid your suit at cheapest level available
– 9-11 points – jump a level
13 or more – jump to game in a major – jump to 4 level in a minor and invite
when you have strength in the opponent’s  suit, bid no trump

If the responder (opp. On your left ) bids over the double – if you have less than 5 points you can pass as the double is taken out.  Listen up! – With 6+ you should bid.

As ADVANCER
WITH AN OPENING POINT HAND YOURSELF YOU CAN CUEBID THE OPPONENT’s opening suit to get more info about the DOUBLER’S hand.  A CUEBID BY ADVANCER IS FORCING !!!!!

 

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REBIDS BY TAKEOUT DOUBLER
– the doubler needs to show whether he has a medium or maximum hand
With a minimum opening hand (12-15)  – if partner shows 0-8 points you should PASS

With a medium opening hand (16-18) – RAISE ONE LEVEL  to invite partner to go to game if at the top of the range

With a maximum opening bid (19-21) JUMP A LEVEL

BIG DOUBLE
You do not have to have all the unbid suits but you must be able to bid your 5 card or longer suit if advancer picks a suit you do not have support for.
With 17+ points as doubler, after partner picks the suit and shows points, you bid your 5 card or longer suit to show “the BIG DOUBLE” —-

ADVANCER THEN KNOWS HER PARTNER (the doubler) has 17+ points and a 5 card or longer suit – she can still pass with support (at least 2 card support ) but should consider the total points between both hands and where is the best place to play.

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Bridge made simple

Thinking Duplicate Bridge; Two Pictou County gals, Olive and Lynne take the Leap

OK, we were scared–at first! We knew we were venturing into new bridge territory. We realized it’s ok to be a little afraid because you can’t be brave or courageous without a little fear. As adult learners, it takes ambition as well as courage to delve into the unknown.

So we have a few tips we have learned on this marvellous venture that have proven golden, well “silver” for us so far, if you are counting ACBL points.

Tip #1: Choose your bridge partner with care. If you don’t share common goals and values, you could be heading for a rocky bridge divorce. In our case, we both love the game. We determined we both wanted to improve our skills and we carved out regular times to make that happen. The most important part of a good bridge relationship is respect and kindness every step of the way. Never point out your partner’s mistakes and she will never point out yours. If it is evident there is a storm brewing, discuss future strategies in private. Fortunately for us, respect and kindness comes easy

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Tip #2: Breathe and laugh! Remember, it is only a game. Enjoy your time with your partner and fellow players. Have some fun and remember to laugh at yourself. When you become frustrated, and you will, remember Tip #1.

Tip #3: You are not going to make every contract. You are going to go down, some days more than others. A kind veteran of the game told us many times “If you never go down you are obviously not bidding as often as you should.” Even experts go down, miss slams and screw up in general. Move on! It happens! Some of our best learning comes from our mistakes.

Tip #4: Persevere–play as often as you can. Read bridge books, Like and Follow http://www.thebridgeguru.com, play Bridge Base On-Line and listen to expert players who kindly offer suggestions to improve your game. The veterans of the game truly enjoy seeing new faces at the bridge club. Some expert players may agree to mentor you–don’t hesitate to ask.

Tip #5: Don’t high five at the table when you make that impossible contract –save your triumphs for a private moment so your opponents can save face.

Our experience has been, the more we play, the more comfortable we get and hence the more we want to play! That’s how we realized it’s not that scary after all!

Bridge made simple

Gerber Convention (Baby Steps) and Quantitativei

First you need to understand Quantitative:

After Partner’s OPENING 1 No Trump bid – 4 NO TRUMP by responder

– shows a balanced hand by responder; and

– invites Opener to raise to 6 no trump with top of range 15-17

SO GO TO 6 NO TRUMP (SMALL SLAM) WITH 17 POINTS

or Pass with low end of range

If Responder KNOWS THERE IS 33 POINTS BETWEEN THE TWO HANDS AND KNOWS NO TRUMP IS WHERE TO PLAY, RESPONDER BIDS 6 NT, JUST DO IT!!!

Partner opens 2 NT – SHOWING 20-21 POINTS & Balance

– 4 NT BID BY RESPONDER SAYS GO TO SMALL SLAM WITH TOP OF RANGE

SO GO WITH 21 POINTS!

OPENER opens 2 CLUBS – RESPONDER bids 2 DIAMONDS

OPENER REBIDS 2 NT opener’s range is 22-24 and BALANCED HAND

– 4 NT BID BY RESPONDER SAYS GO TO SMALL SLAM WITH TOP OF RANGE

– SO GO WITH 24 POINTS!

Opener OPENS 1 DIAMOND – Responder bids a suit at the one level

OPENER REBIDS 2 NT – opener’s range is 18-19 AND BALANCED

– 4NT BID BY RESPONDER SAYS GO TO SMALL SLAM WITH TOP OF RANGE

SO GO WITH 18 POINTS

Opener opens 2 CLUBS – RESPONDER BIDS 2 DIAMONDS

OPENER REBIDS 3 NT – opener’s range is 25-27 & BALANCED HAND

4 NT BID BY RESPONDER SAYS GO WITH TOP OF RANGE

SO GO WITH 27 POINTS

NOW, TIME TO INTRODUCE GERBER CONVENTION:

GERBER can be used to discover how many aces/kings the partnership holds when partner’s no trump is a natural bid –

REPLIES TO GERBER 4 ♣️

4♦️ zero or all 4

4♥️ one ace

4♠️ two aces

4 NT  three aces

IF ALL 4 ACES – 5♣️ asks for KINGS

5 ♦️ zero

5 ♥️ one

5🖤two

5 NT three

6 ♣️ four kings

Bridge made simple

Summer days

 

 

BLACKWOOD CONVENTION:

AFTER a trump suit has been agreed upon by the partners a bid of 4 NT is the Blackwood Convention asking partner how many ACES?

RESPONSES TO BLACKWOOD:

4 NT – ASKS:

ANSWERS:

5 CLUBS – NONE OR ALL FOUR

5 DIAMONDS – ONE ACE

5 HEARTS – TWO ACES

5 SPADES – THREE ACES

IF THE PARTNERSHIP HOLDS ALL 4 ACES, THEN A BID OF 5 NT ASKS FOR KINGS? DO NOT ASK FOR KINGS IF YOU ARE MISSING AN ACE!

5 NT – ASKS:

ANSWERS:

6 CLUBS – NO KINGS

6 DIAMONDS – ONE KING

6 HEARTS – TW0 KINGS

6 SPADES – THREE KINGS

6 NO TRUMP – FOUR KINGS

RESPONDING TO BLACKWOOD WITH A VOID:

– with no aces, respond 5 clubs, AS USUAL, (DO NOT SHOW VOID)

– WITH ONE ACE AND A USEFUL VOID, JUMP TO THE “six” level in the void suit! If it ranks lower on the ladder than the agreed trump suit!

If it ranks higher on the ladder than the agreed trump suit – bid SIX OF THE TRUMP SUIT!

HOW TO BAIL OUT IF YOU ASK FOR ACES BY BIDDING 4 NT AND NEED TO STOP!!!!

ANY BID OF A NEW SUIT AT THE FIVE LEVEL BY YOU WHICH CAN’T BE MEANT AS A TRUMP SUIT ASKS PARTNER TO BID 5 NO TRUMP!