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Weekly Bridge Tip Defence-Signalling

DEFENCE – SIGNALLING

In my earlier blogs, I introduced showing “attitude” .  As a reminder,  when partner is on lead and leads from their suit, if they lead a low card, we play to win the trick and later lead back partner’s suit.  If partner plays a high card, and we have an honour, we play as high as we can afford (6+) to say “YES”WE LOVE THAT SUIT PLEASE CONTINUE PLAYING IT or we play a LOW card that says “NO” please SWITCH TO ANOTHER SUIT:

If attitude is ruled out , we give “count”.   High followed a low card shows an even number of cards in the suit.  Low followed by a higher card indicates an uneven number of cards.

For an in-depth explanation see my previous blogs on the bridge guru site under Tips and Tricks.

Once we rule out attitude and count, there are times when we need to find a way to tell partner which suit to switch too.

This is called showing “SUIT PREFERENCE”.

Here is one example when SUIT PREFERENCE would be used.

The opponents are playing a contract of 4 Hearts ♥️

Partner leads the Ace of Diamonds ♦️

DUMMY goes down and there is a SINGLETON diamond ♦️ on board –

Do you or partner now care that partner has the KING of ♦️?
Answer :  NO – ATTITUDE DOES NOT MATTER
Do you or partner need to know how many diamonds your partner has?
ANSWER:  NO – COUNT IS RULED OUT

YOU NOW HAVE A GREAT OPPORTUNITY TO TELL YOUR PARTNER TO SWITCH TO ANOTHER SUIT!!!!

Let’s rule out Declarer’s HEART SUIT
Let’s rule out the DIAMOND SUIT

NOW WE HAVE TWO SUITS LEFT — CLUBS AND SPADES
YOU MUST PLAY A DIAMOND , RIGHT???
MAGIC MOMENT:
If you play a low diamond, YOU ARE REQUESTING A CLUB LEAD
if you play a high diamond, YOU ARE REQUESTING A SPADE LEAD

IMPORTANT :  Your Partner Who led MUST PAY ATTENTION TO THE CARD YOU PUT DOWN ON THEIR ACE OF DIAMONDS to get the message!

ALSO, once you and partner agree to show attitude, count and suit preference, it will always be “ON” as part of your signalling.

NOW, there are a few other times you get to use SUIT PREFERENCE and my next blog will pursue Suit Preference.  For now start using Suit Preference when Partner leads his Ace and there is a void or Singleton on the board!!!!

Check out the next instalment at
www.thebridgeguru.com

Also check out my fun blog at
www.MargieGrams.com

Happy Defence !

♏️✍🏻

Bridge Babies, Bridge made simple, Bridge tips, card game of bridge, learning to play bridge

Happy New Year Bridge Post

SHOULD YOU OPEN LIGHT IN THIRD OR FOURTH POSITION WHEN OPPONENT (S) AND PARTNER HAVE PASSED

It is a good tactic to open light in 3rd position with as few as 10 high-card points when opponent and your partner have passed.

This is VERY IMPORTANT-
Since PARTNER is a PASSED HAND – a new suit response by partner is “NOT FORCING” !!!!!!  YOU (Light Opener) CAN PASS WITH A FIT!  Remember there is no game – partner was a passed hand and you do not have 12 high card points or more.

Vulnerability can be a consideration with borderline hands.  Tend to be more conservative if vulnerable and aggressive when not vulnerable.

SOME Magic……..
Adding the value of a king (3 POINTS) to your 10 HC PTS, along with the requirements shown below, can be used to judge whether to open light or pass. If you open in third seat, your partner (RESPONDER) MUST DEDUCT 3 POINTS, the value of a king, from their total hand value, before responding.

Requirements for OPENING LITE IN 3rd POSITION
– a GOOD SUIT & willingness TO PASS partner’s response
– good support for both majors

ADVANTAGES of opening lite in 3rd seat
– to make a partscore
– to suggest a lead
– to cause opponents to misjudge the situation

RESPONDING TO 3rd seat openings
HUGELY IMPORTANT, YOU, THE RESPONDER MUST MAKE A MENTAL NOTE THAT PARTNER IS OPENING IN THIRD SEAT AND MAY NOT HAVE OPENING POINTS -!!!!
–   With support for partner’s suit  (3+) cards support, deduct 3 points and raise opener’s suit IMMEDIATELY – no time to “fish around”
–   To bid a new suit – it should be a good suit of 5+ cards as you might end up playing there (remember partner can pass because you are already a PASSED HAND)

OPENING BORDERLINE HANDS IN FOURTH POSITION
Requirements
– use the “GUIDELINE OF 15”
Add high card points in your hand to the number of spades in your hand.  If it totals 15 or more consider opening, otherwise consider passing.

The reason we add the number of spades is , if we open in a lower ranking suit, the opponents can OVERCALL a higher suit and stay at the one level with few points.

EXAMPLE – OPENING IN FOURTH SEAT AFTER THREE PASSES
SPADES – J 10 9 8 7
HEARTS – A Q x x
DIAMONDS – K x
CLUBS –  8 4

ADVANTAGE
– to get a plus score

If the partnership frequently opens borderline hands in 3rd and 4th position consider learning Reverse Drury. After a bid of 1 ♥️ or 1♠️ in THIRD OR FOURTH POSITION , a response by partner of 2♣️ is artificial and asks partner whether the bid was sound or light.  Check this convention out on-line.  Karen Walker has an easy explanation of Reverse Drury.  This is not mandatory but helps to find out if partner had a legitimate opening hand in 3rd or 4th seat

Bridge Babies, Bridge made simple, Bridge tips, card game of bridge, Declarer Play, etiquette, learning to play bridge

Tip of the Week-When to Give Count

When a suit is led by partner ATTITUDE SIGNALS are given first priority.  A count signal is clearly only given when attitude doesn’t apply.

HIGH-LOW

HOW DO you tell partner how many cards you have in a suit?  You give a count signal by playing a high-low to show an even number of cards and Low-high to show an uneven number of cards.  The count signal doesn’t tell partner exactly how many you hold.   High- Low could be two, four, six.  Partner needs to count the number of the cards they have and turn to count the number in dummy to figure it out.  An odd number could be three, five or seven.

A typical situation arises when DECLARER is running a Long suit.  There is no reason to show attitude.  This is where it is crucial to show partner COUNT.  IF THE LONG SUIT DECLARER WANTS TO RUN IS IN DUMMY, your partner may have the ace in that suit and want to hold it up until declarer has played the last card in that suit she has in her hand so she can’t get back to dummy to run the remainder of them.   This is where team work shines.

North
DUMMY
♦️KQJ104

South
DECLARER
♦️765

You are east!

♦️9 3

When the diamond suit is played the first time ——

You (East) would  play the 9

West, your partner has three diamonds to the ACE, he knows now you have two diamonds, board has five, declarer must have three diamonds.  He will hold up his ace until the third round.  If you did not signal, he may play his ace on the second round. Declarer would still have a diamond left to get back to DUMMY and run the rest of the diamonds!!!

When partner leads a suit she has bid during the auction, if you have only two cards in her suit YOU MUST PLAY HIGH, THEN LOW.  PARTNER WILL REALIZE WHEN IT GOES AROUND THE SECOND TIME THAT YOU ARE OUT OF THAT SUIT.

SAY PARTNER LEADS THE ACE OF HER SUIT AND YOU HAVE TWO CARDS
THE QUEEN AND A SMALL CARD
PLAY THE QUEEN ON PARTNER’s ACE
PARTNER WILL THEN PLAY THE KING AND YOU PLAY A LITTLE ONE
THEN PARTNER WILL PLAY A LOW CARD TO GIVE YOU A RUFF!!!

You and partner have taken the first 3 tricks.

Next week, I will show you how, in this situation, for your partner to let you know what suit to return once you get your ruff.  That means if you return the suit she is requesting, she can win her Ace in an outside suit, then return the suit you are out of for you to get another ruff.

What fun!!!!!

♏️✍🏻

Bridge Babies, Bridge made simple, Bridge tips, card game of bridge, Declarer Play, learning to play bridge

Stunning Declarer Play

Here’s the difference between a “decent” Declarer player and a “Jaw-dropping” Declarer Player!

The “stunning declarer player” uses A SIMPLE RULE OF 40 -makes it seem like they know where all the missing high cards are and it’s so easy to use this Rule.

4 aces=16
4 kings=12
4 queens=8
4 jacks=4
Total -40 HCP’S

Procedure

As soon as lead comes down, and you see Dummy, add your high card points (HCP) to Dummy’s HCP and when totalled, subtract from 40. (Once you get the number of points remaining ), review the bidding:

EXAMPLE:

Between you and dummy, you have 25 HCT’s and are South in a contract of 4 spades

40-25 = 15 HCP’S LEFT between the opponents,

NOW DISTRIBUTE THOSE POINTS BETWEEN YOUR OPPONENTS BASED ON THE FOLLOWING:

1. Did your left-hand opponent (LHO) West – overcall over your opening one spade bid?

Yes, she OVERCALLED and bid 2 diamonds – UMMM
To overcall at the 2 level she needs at least 5 diamonds and approx. 12points

How many points does that leave for your right-hand opponent (RHO) to have?????
Approximately 3points!!

Now that you know where the remaining HCP’S are, as declarer, plan to lead Low cards from your hand and if LHO plays Low, Finesse the suit in DUMMY, knowing RHO (East) doesn’t have much.

TRY to finesse dummy, as if YOU lead from “dummy” TOWARD YOUR hand, LHO will win YOUR HIGH cards. TRY to KEEP LHO to lead away from her high cards.

NEXT EXAMPLE-
DID THE RIGHT – HAND OPP (RHO) double for takeout?

EXAMPLE:
YOU South OPENED 1 spade
LHO passed
Your partner (N) raised to 3 spades
RHO doubled for take-out
You bid 4spades

All pass

Ok, what do we know?

LHO did not overcall or double
RHO ‘s DOUBLE SHOWS SHE IS SHORT IN YOUR TRUMP SUIT SO LHO WILL HAVE THE MAJORITY OF YOUR TRUMP SUIT.

THE RHO will have at least four hearts and tolerance for both minor suits and points to make up an opening hand counting her short suit (spades) – she counts dummy points as you will pick the suit and her hand will go down as dummy.

Declarer in south now knows the HCP’S that are missing are in LHO’S hot, little hand!

SO, as South in 4spades, LEAD LOW FROM THE DUMMY every chance you get AND FINESSE INTO LHO’S HAND. Dummy and you HAVE RHO SQUEEZED BETWEEN Those two HANDS!

ANOTHER EXAMPLE
We are still 4 spades. By south

Did opponent penalty double our 4 spade bid? If so, they probably have 4 or 5 of your trump and their partner has shown points during the auction either by opening, overcalling or using the takeout double.

— review the bidding and place the 40 high card points (HCPs) around the table to aid in making your plan.

“P” is for PAUSE

WHY?

1. Look at the lead! — USE THE RULE OF FORTY!!!!

This is the beginning of my blog on Declarer Play. More to come next week.
Fill in your e-mail and you will get a reminder when the next blog is posted.

Our tip this week is a DEFENSE TIP – WHEN TO GIVE COUNT?

♏️✍🏻

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Tips and tricks SHOWING ATTITUDE

We will continue with DEFENSE ——this area of the game can be so rewarding when you lead and your partner “gives you a signal”.

Here’s the rub, you have to pay attention to the card your partner signals !!!!!!!! Partner can SIGNAL THEIR BRAINS OUT TO NO AVAIL IF YOU DO NOT PAY ATTENTION “ESPECIALLY WHEN THE FIRST SIGNAL GIVEN IN BRIDGE IS ON THE LEAD CARD”!!!!!

WE WILL DISCUSS SIGNALLING WHEN OPPONENTS IN SUIT CONTRACTS:

OPPONENT SOUTH IS IN 4 ♠️
WEST – Your partner leads the ACE OF HEARTS ♥️ – this promises the KING ♥️
DUMMY COMES DOWN AND THERE ARE 3 low hearts

What do you think your partner needs to know BEFORE CONTINUING WITH THE KING????
Who has the QUEEN OF HEARTS?

YOUR JOB IN EAST IS TO LET PARTNER KNOW WHETHER TO CONTINUE WITH THE KING OR SWITCH TO ANOTHER SUIT?????

If you have three hearts including the QUEEN playing a six of hearts or higher indicates you have the Queen.
Playing a low card 5 or lower indicates you do not have the QUEEN.

NOW, PARTNER CAN HOLD ONTO THE KING, UNTIL YOU GET THE LEAD AT WHICH TIME YOU WILL PLAY YOUR HIGHEST HEART ❤️ TO FORCE OUT DECLARER’s Queen (which is now trapped between you and partner ) so your partner WEST CAN CAPTURE IT!

Now, I can hear all the rumbling – what if the only cards I have are 5 AND UNDER and I also the QUEEN.

FOR ONE THING, YOUR PARTNER MUST TURN AND LOOK AT THE HEARTS IN DUMMY AND LOOK AT THE HEARTS  IN THEIR HAND AS SOMETIMES THEY CAN SEE YOUR FIVE OF HEARTS MAY BE THE HIGHEST IN YOUR HAND.  IF THE 2, 3, 4 are not visible, the 5 may be your highest to signal!

SHOWING ATTITUDE IS THE FIRST SIGNAL GIVEN!

Our next blog tip will be giving COUNT!

If you want to receive an alert when the next blog is posted, leave your e-mail address in the box on the left of the blog page or leave a comment or question.

HAPPY THANKSGIVING TO MY DEAR USA FRIENDS🦃

CHECK OUT www.margiegrams.com
TOPIC – TURKEY TRAUMA
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Delayed Major Suit Raise By Opener

South is the dealer and holds 7 diamonds and 12 HCP’s + 3 length points in diamonds – = 15 opening points) – also holds 3 HEARTS; 2 spades and 1 club

(YOU) South OPENS – 1 ♦️
West – PASS
North – one HEART ❤️ (holding 5 hearts and 15 points)
East – PASS
——————————————————–
SOUTH – 2 ♦️ – minimum hand holding at least 6/7 diamonds and no 4 card ❤️ SUIT
WEST – PASS
NORTH – bids 2 SPADES (has only 3 spades
– this is called a fragmented suit)
North needs a FORCING BID – and holds 5 hearts, 3 spades, 3 diamonds and 2 clubs
– if North rebids hearts it would show a six card suit!!!
East – PASS
SOUTH – NOW!!!!!!!!!
SOUTH BIDS 3 ♥️ ********
THIS IS CALLED A DELAYED RAISE AND SHOWS THREE HEARTS — IF NORTH HAS A FIVE CARD HEART SUIT – they are good to go game or slam

Once SOUTH SHOWS 3 HEARTS, If North has only the expected 4 hearts, North can support diamonds – knowing SOUTH HAS AT LEAST 6 DIAMONDS AND 3 HEARTS & therefore short in spades and clubs.
NO TRUMP WOULD BE A DISASTER!!!!!

A DELAYED RAISE OF RESPONDER’s SUIT SHOWS 3 card support not 4!!!!!
This is how you find out if your partner, the opener, has three card NOT 4 card support for your major. If OPENER HAD 4 card support – the only question would be to IMMEDIATELY show support and opening hand strength (now adding DUMMY POINTS)
a MINIMUM 12-15;
A MEDIUM 16-18 OR
A MAXIMUM 19-21

♏️✍🏻

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Tip of the Week-No Doubt When to Lead Trump

Here are the reasons to lead trump –

1). The opponents have bid all four suits and end up in 4 spades –
— the logic is that you will be giving away a trick. BY leading trump, you keep the declarer guessing where the high cards she is missing are located. Make declarer lead the suit!

2). The opponents stole your contract. You figured out – between you and partner you have 25 points and could make 4 spades vulnerable – the opponents overbid to 5 clubs (not vulnerable) —- and are sacrificing! Double their 5 clubs for PENALTY and THE MOST IMPORTANT THING YOU HAVE TO DO IS Lead trump (YOU AND YOUR PARTNER) at every opportunity.!! Once their trump are off the board they will not be able to ruff your high cards.

3.). Declarer is playing in her 2nd bid suit –
Opened – N bids 1 spade – S bids 2 clubs
N bids 2 diamonds and South passes
N is playing in 2 diamonds and has 5 spades she will want to trump in dummy. South does not have more than 2 spades or the contract would have been in spades. Take out Declarer’s trump!!!! She will be planning on trumping those spades in Dummy!

4.). Declarer does not have an 8 card (magic fit) –
N bid 1 spade and S responded 1 NT
N rebids 2 clubs and S chooses spades over clubs! S is a minimum responding hand and N has an unbalanced hand with 5 spades and possibly 5 clubs – South has at least 2 spades as she did not initially respond 2 spades! Lead trump so N cannot use dummy’s two spades.

5.). Dummy goes down and there is a singleton trump on the board — lead trump your first opportunity!!!!

6. Dummy goes down and you see a short suit for which you have high honours or your partner may have bid during the auction, now it’s time to switch to leading trump!

They used to say “LEAD TRUMP WHEN IN DOUBT ABOUT WHAT SUIT TO PICK ”
Now, when you lead trump you will have a valid reason.

Your opponents will start to tremble when you are their opponent!

♏️✍🏻